Aims: The clinical value of optimising implant angles during transcatheter aortic valve replacements (TAVR) remains undefined. The Aortic Valve Guide (AVG) is a proprietary software that provides structured analysis of three-dimensional images from rotational angiography (DynaCT). This study compares AVG with preprocedural multislice computed tomography (MSCT) and DynaCT in optimal implant angle prediction for TAVR, and evaluates if an optimised implant angle is associated with reduced paravalvular regurgitation (PVR).
Methods and results: One hundred and six consecutive patients were included, comprising three groups. Group 1 (n=19) underwent no preprocedural MSCT or DynaCT (or AVG); Group 2 (n=44) underwent periprocedural DynaCT, without AVG; Group 3 (n=43) had DynaCT with AVG. Implant angles yielded were graded as excellent, satisfactory or poor. Group 3 were more likely than Groups 2 and 1 to have excellent implant angles (83.7% vs. 52.3% vs. 42.1%, respectively, p=0.001). In 100 patients who had 30-day transthoracic echocardiogram follow-up, an excellent implant angle was significantly more likely to be associated with no PVR than a non-excellent angle (41.3% vs. 21.6%, respectively, p=0.045), independent of operator experience and THV used.
Conclusions: Optimising implant angles may be important in reducing PVR. This is significantly more likely to be achieved with AVG rotational angiography.