Aims: Experience with transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation in a failing bioprosthetic tricuspid valve is very limited. Fewer than 30 cases have been reported, and in most of them the Melody valve (Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA) was used. With this case report and review of literature we sought to evaluate the safety and feasibility of the Edwards SAPIEN transcatheter valve (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA, USA) in valve implantation in the tricuspid position and to compare this intervention with the more established Melody valve implantation.
Methods and results: We describe one of the rarely reported Edwards SAPIEN valve implantations in a bioprosthetic tricuspid valve which is also the first in a patient with Ebstein’s anomaly. A review is presented of all eight case reports on Edwards SAPIEN valve implantations in tricuspid position. The procedure was successful in all cases. Valve performance after implantation was good and no complications were described. In only one procedure pre-stenting was performed. Transatrial, transjugular and transfemoral approaches have been used. The results are comparable to those of the series about Melody valve-in-valve implantation in the tricuspid valve. Mid-term follow-up data are not yet available for both valves.
Conclusions: Edwards SAPIEN valve implantation in tricuspid bioprosthetic valves is feasible and safe. Considering the available sizes of the Edwards SAPIEN valve, it may become the preferred prosthesis for valve-in-valve implantation in the tricuspid position in the future.