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Step-by-step manual for planning and performing bifurcation PCI: a resource-tailored approach

1. Department of Cardiology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia; 2. The Lambe Institute for Translational Medicine and Curam, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland; 3. Saolta University Healthcare Group, Galway, Ireland; 4. Division of Cardiology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; 5. Division of Cardiology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, and Sunninghill Hospital, Johannesburg, South Africa; 6. Department of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan; 7. Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

As bifurcation PCI can often be resource-demanding due to the use of multiple guidewires, balloons and stents, different technical options are sometimes being explored, in different local settings, to meet the need of optimally treating a patient with a bifurcation lesion, while being confronted with limited material resources. Therefore, it seems important to keep a proper balance between what is recognised as the contemporary state of the art, and what is known to be potentially harmful and to be discouraged. Ultimately, the resource-tailored approach to bifurcation PCI may be characterised by the notion of minimum technical requirements for each step of a successful procedure. Hence, this paper describes the logical sequence of steps when performing bifurcation PCI with provisional SB stenting, starting with basic anatomy assessment and ending with the optimisation of MB stenting and the evaluation of the potential need to stent the SB, suggesting, for each step, the minimum technical requirement for a successful intervention.

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