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Clinical research

Randomised comparison of titanium-nitride-oxide coated stents with bare metal stents: five year follow-up of the TiNOX trial

1. Department of Cardiology, Swiss Cardiovascular Center, University Hospital Bern, Switzerland; 2. Division of Cardiology, University Hospital Kiel, Germany; 3. Division of Cardiology, University of Munich, Germany; 4. Cardiovascular Center, Cardiology, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland; 5. Division of Cardiology, Cardiocentro Ticino, Lugano, Switzerland

Aims: Revascularisation with Titanium-Nitride-Oxide (TiNOX) coated stents is safe and effective in patients with de novo native coronary artery lesions. In the TiNOX trial there was a reduction in restenosis and major adverse cardiac events as compared with stainless steel stents of otherwise identical design. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of these patients over five years.

Methods and results: In 2003, 92 patients with de novo lesions were randomly assigned to treatment with TiNOX coated stents (n=45) or stainless steel stents (n=47; control). Baseline characteristics were similar in both groups. Follow-up at six months and five years was obtained in 87 patients. Five patients were lost to follow-up due to emigration or change in home address. At six months and five years, significantly less major adverse cardiac events (MACE) occurred in the TiNOX group (7% vs. 27%, [p=0.02] respectively and 16% vs. 39%, [p=0.03]), largely driven by a reduced need for target-lesion revascularisation. No stent thrombosis occurred in the TiNOX group vs. one in the control group. Patients in the TiNOX-group had lower all-cause mortality and less myocardial infarction, but the difference was not statistically significant.

Conclusions: Five-year follow-up after implantation of titanium-nitride-oxide coated stents is favourable with a low rate of MACE and no stent thrombosis compared to bare metal stents of identical design. The need for revascularisation at five years was 9% in the TiNOX and 25% in the control group with little progression of native coronary disease.

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