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Special report

Longitudinal stent deformation: a retrospective analysis of frequency and mechanisms

1. Manchester Heart Centre, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, United Kingdom; 2. Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Aims: Modern drug-eluting stents are constructed with thin struts and are easy to deliver and highly conformable. However, although innovative designs have enabled maintenance of radial strength, longitudinal strength may be lower with these stents and there have been recent reports of longitudinal stent compression of ostially deployed stents. We report the experience in our centre on longitudinal stent deformation and explore mechanisms of this complication and its frequency with various drug-eluting stent platforms.

Methods and results: Nine cases of longitudinal stent deformation were identified over a four year period representing 0.2% of cases and affected 0.097% of stents deployed. There were several mechanisms for this complication including compression by post-dilatation balloons, guide catheter extensions and proximal embolic protection devices. The rate of stent deformation varied from 0% in several stent types to 0.86% in the case of the Promus Element stent. There was one case of late stent thrombosis attributable to longitudinal stent deformation.

Conclusions: Longitudinal stent deformation can occur secondary to a variety of mechanisms and identification is important as, left untreated, it may be associated with a risk of stent thrombosis. Although seen with several different stents, in our series it was more commonly observed with the Promus Element stent.

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