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Invasive coronary treatment strategies for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a consensus statement from the European Association for Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI)/Stent for Life (SFL) groups

1. Center for Intensive Internal Medicine, University Medical Center, Ljubljana, Slovenia; 2. Clinique Pasteur, Toulouse, France; 3. Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; 4. Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Masaryk University and University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic; 5. Department of Cardiology, King’s College Hospital, London, United Kingdom; 6. Department of Cardiology, Skane University Hospital, Lund, Sweden; 7. Clinic of Cardiology, Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland; 8. Cardiology Department, European Hospital Georges Pompidou, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris Descartes University, Sudden Death Expert Center, Paris, France

Due to significant improvement in the pre-hospital treatment of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), an increasing number of initially resuscitated patients are being admitted to hospitals. Because of the limited data available and lack of clear guideline recommendations, experts from the EAPCI and “Stent for Life” (SFL) groups reviewed existing literature and provided practical guidelines on selection of patients for immediate coronary angiography (CAG), PCI strategy, concomitant antiplatelet/anticoagulation treatment, haemodynamic support and use of therapeutic hypothermia. Conscious survivors of OHCA with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) should be treated according to recommendations for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and high-risk non-ST-segment elevation -ACS (NSTE-ACS) without OHCA and should undergo immediate (if STEMI) or rapid (less than two hours if NSTE-ACS) coronary invasive strategy. Comatose survivors of OHCA with ECG criteria for STEMI on the post-resuscitation ECG should be admitted directly to the catheterisation laboratory. For patients without STEMI ECG criteria, a short “emergency department or intensive care unit stop” is advised to exclude non-coronary causes. In the absence of an obvious non-coronary cause, CAG should be performed as soon as possible (less than two hours), in particular in haemodynamically unstable patients. Immediate PCI should be mainly directed towards the culprit lesion if identified. Interventional cardiologists should become an essential part of the “survival chain” for patients with OHCA. There is a need to centralise the care of patients with OHCA to experienced centres.

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