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Percutaneous coronary intervention for coronary bifurcation disease: 11th consensus document from the European Bifurcation Club

1. Department of Cardiology, The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; 2. Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Aarhus, Denmark; 3. Cardiovascular Medicine Division, Radcliffe Department of Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom; 4. Institute of Cardiology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy; 5. Institut Cardiovasculaire Paris Sud, Massy, France; 6. Interventional Cardiology Unit, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy; 7. Sussex Cardiac Centre, Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals, United Kingdom; 8. Department of Cardiology, Clinical Center of Serbia, and Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

Coronary bifurcations are involved in 15-20% of all percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) and remain one of the most challenging lesions in interventional cardiology in terms of procedural success rate as well as long-term cardiac events. The optimal management of bifurcation lesions is, despite a fast growing body of scientific literature, the subject of considerable debate. The European Bifurcation Club (EBC) was initiated in 2004 to support a continuous overview of the field, and aims to facilitate a scientific discussion and an exchange of ideas on the management of bifurcation disease. The EBC hosts an annual, compact meeting, dedicated to bifurcations, which brings together physicians, engineers, biologists, physicists, epidemiologists and statisticians for detailed discussions. Every meeting is finalised with a consensus statement which reflects the unique opportunity of combining the opinions of interventional cardiologists with the opinions of a large variety of other scientists on bifurcation management. The present 11th EBC consensus document represents the summary of the up-to-date EBC consensus and recommendations. It points to the fact that there is a multitude of strategies and approaches to bifurcation stenting within the provisional strategy and in the different two-stent strategies. The main EBC recommendation for PCI of bifurcation lesions remains to use main vessel (MV) stenting with a proximal optimisation technique (POT) and provisional side branch (SB) stenting as a preferred approach. The consensus document covers a moving target. Much more scientific work is needed in non-left main (LM) and LM bifurcation lesions for continuous improvement of the outcome of our patients.

“Which way you ought to go depends on where you want to get to”.

The Cheshire Cat, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland,

Lewis Carroll (1865)

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