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tools and techniques

Wire externalisation techniques for retrograde percutaneous coronary interventions of chronic total occlusions

1. Division of Cardiology and Angiology II, University Heart Center Freiburg – Bad Krozingen, Bad Krozingen, Germany; 2. Internal Medicine Clinic II, Helios Vogtland Klinikum Plauen, Plauen, Germany; 3. Department of Cardiology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania; 4. First Department of Medicine, University Medical Centre Mannheim (UMM), Mannheim, Germany; 5. Main Taunus Heart Institute Bad Soden, Bad Soden, Germany

CTO: chronic total occlusion

IVUS: intravascular ultrasound

MC: microcatheter

PCI: percutaneous coronary intervention

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