References in the TAVI Atlas

Taken from the original PCR Valve Atlas app

Consult the below references associated to the clinical cases and abstracts mentioned in the TAVI Atlas for additional reading.

Anatomy of the aortic valvar complex

1.1 Robicsek F. Leonardo da Vinci and the sinuses of Valsalva. Ann Thorac Surg 1991;52:328-35.

1.2 Yacoub MH, Kilner PJ, Birks EJ, Misfeld M. The aortic outflow and root: a tale of dynamism and crosstalk. Ann Thorac Surg 1999;68:S37-43.

1.3 Becker A. Surgical and pathological anatomy of the aortic valve and root. Oper Tech Cardiac Thorac Surg 1996;1:3-14.

1.4 Anderson RH, Razavi R, Taylor AM. Cardiac anatomy revisited. J Anat 2004;205:159-77.

1.5 Piazza N, de Jaegere P, Schultz C, Becker AE, Serruys PW, Anderson RH. Anatomy of the aortic valvar complex and its implications for transcatheter implantation of the aortic valve. Circ Cardiovasc Intervent 2008;1:74-81.

1.6 Anderson R, Kanani M. Mitral valve repair: critical analysis of the anatomy discussed. Multimedia Manual of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 2007;2007.

1.7 Ho SY. Structure and anatomy of the aortic root. Eur J Echocardiogr 2009;10:i3-10.

1.8 Anderson RH. Clinical anatomy of the aortic root. Heart 2000;84:670-3.

1.9 Tops LF, Wood DA, Delgado V, Schuijf JD, Mayo JR, Pasupati S, Lamers FP, van der Wall EE, Schalij MJ, Webb JG, Bax JJ. Noninvasive evaluation of the aortic root with multislice computed tomography implications for transcatheter aortic valve replacement. JACC Cardiovascular imaging 2008;1:321-30.

1.10 Crawford MH, Roldan CA. Prevalence of aortic root dilatation and small aortic roots in valvular aortic stenosis. Am J Cardiol 2001;87:1311-3.

1.11 Loukas M, Wartmann CT, Tubbs RS, Apaydin N, Louis RG Jr, Easter L, Black B, Jordan R. The clinical anatomy of the sinutubular junction. Anat Sci Int 2009;84:27-33.

1.12 Vollebergh FE, Becker AE. Minor congenital variations of cusp size in tricuspid aortic valves. Possible link with isolated aortic stenosis. Br Heart J 1977;39:1006-11.

1.13 Wong DR, Boone RH, Thompson CR, Allard MF, Altwegg L, Carere RG, Cheung A, Ye J, Lichtenstein SV, Ling H, Webb JG. Mitral valve injury late after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 2009;137:1547-9.

1.14 Reid K. The anatomy of the sinus of Valsalva. Thorax 1970;25:79-85.

1.15 Swanson M, Clark RE. Dimensions and geometric relationships of the human aortic valve as a function of pressure. Circ Res 1974;35:871-82.

1.16 Blanke P, Russe M, Leipsic J, Reinöhl J, Ebersberger U, Suranyi P, Siepe M, Pache G, Langer M, Schoepf UJ. Conformational pulsatile changes of the aortic annulus: impact on prosthesis sizing by computed tomography for transcatheter aortic valve replacement. JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2012;5:984-94.

1.17 Buellesfeld L, Stortecky S, Kalesan B, Gloekler S, Khattab AA, Nietlispach F, Delfine V, Huber C, Eberle B, Meier B, Wenaweser P, Windecker S. Aortic root dimensions among patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement. JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2013;6:72-83.

1.18 Khalique OK, Kodali S, Paradis JM, Nazif TM, Williams MR, Einstein AJ, Pearson GD, Harjai K, Grubb K, George I, Leon MB, Hahn RT. Aortic Annular Sizing Using a Novel 3-Dimensional Echocardiographic Method: Utility and Comparison to Cardiac Computed Tomography. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging 2013.

1.19 Turner K, Navaratnam V. The positions of coronary arterial ostia. Clin Anat 1996;9:376-80.

1.20 Muriago M, Sheppard MN, Ho SY, Anderson RH. Location of the coronary arterial orifices in the normal heart. Clin Anat 1997;10:297-302.

1.21 Cavalcanti JS, de Melo NC, de Vasconcelos RS. Morphometric and topographic study of coronary ostia. Arq Bras Cardiol 2003;81:359-62, 355-8.

1.22 Mylotte D, Lange R, Martucci G, Piazza N. Transcatheter heart valve implantation for failing surgical bioprostheses: technical considerations and evidence for valve-in-valve procedures. Heart (British Cardiac Society) 2013.

1.23 Tawara S. Das Reizleitungssystem de Saugetierherzens: Eine Anatomichhisologische Studie uber das Atrioventricularbundel und die Purkinjeschen Faden. Jena, Germany, 1906.

1.24 Edwards JE. The congenital bicuspid aortic valve. Circulation 1961;23:485-8.

1.25 Lewin MB, Otto CM. The bicuspid aortic valve: adverse outcomes from infancy to old age. Circulation 2005;111:832-4.

1.26 Roberts WC, Ko JM. Frequency by decades of unicuspid, bicuspid, and tricuspid aortic valves in adults having isolated aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis, with or without associated aortic regurgitation. Circulation 2005;111:920-5.

1.27 Roberts WC, Janning KG, Ko JM, Filardo G, Matter GJ. Frequency of congenitally bicuspid aortic valves in patients >/=80 years of age undergoing aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis (with or without aortic regurgitation) and implications for transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Am J Cardiol 2012;109:1632-6.

1.28 Himbert D, Pontnau F, Messika-Zeitoun D, Descoutures F, Détaint D, Cueff C, Sordi M, Laissy JP, Alkhoder S, Brochet E, Iung B, Depoix JP, Nataf P, Vahanian A. Feasibility and outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation in high-risk patients with stenotic bicuspid aortic valves. Am J Cardiol 2012;110:877-83.

1.29 Wijesinghe N, Ye J, Rodes-Cabau J, Cheung A, Velianou JL, Natarajan MK, Dumont E, Nietlispach F, Gurvitch R, Wood DA, Tay E, Webb JG. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation in patients with bicuspid aortic valve stenosis. JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2010;3:1122-5.

1.30 Mylotte D, Dorfmeister M, Elhmidi Y, Mazzitelli D, Bleiziffer S, Wagner A, Noterdaeme T, Lange R, Piazza N. Erroneous Measurement of the Aortic Annular Diameter Using 2-Dimensional Echocardiography Resulting in Inappropriate CoreValve Size Selection:
A Retrospective Comparison With Multislice Computed Tomography. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2014 Jun;7(6):652-61

Imaging for transcatheter aortic valve therapies implantations

2.1 Vahanian et al. Eur Heart J. 2012

2.2 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures, Bonow RO, Masoudi FA, Rumsfeld JS, Delong E, Estes NA 3rd, Goff DC Jr, Grady K, Green LA, Loth AR, Peterson ED, Piña IL, Radford MJ, Shahian DM. ACC/AHA classification of care metrics: performance measures and quality metrics: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures. Circulation. 2008 Dec 9;118(24):2662-6

2.3 Baumgartner H, Hung J, Bermejo J, Chambers JB, Evangelista A, Griffin BP, Iung B, Otto CM, Pellikka PA, Quiñones M; EAE/ASE. Echocardiographic assessment of valve stenosis: EAE/ASE recommendations for clinical practice. Eur J Echocardiogr. 2009 Jan;10(1):1-25

2.4 Lancellotti et al. Eur J Echocardiogr 2010

2.5 Picano E, Pibarot P, Lancellotti P, Monin JL, Bonow RO. The emerging role of exercise testing and stress echocardiography in valvular heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Dec 8;54(24):2251-60

2.6 Cueff C, Serfaty JM, Cimadevilla C, Laissy JP, Himbert D, Tubach F, Duval X, Iung B, Enriquez-Sarano M, Vahanian A, Messika-Zeitoun D. Measurement of aortic valve calcification using multislice computed tomography: correlation with haemodynamic severity of aortic stenosis and clinical implication for patients with low ejection fraction. Heart. 2011 May;97(9):721-6

2.7 O'Sullivan CJ, Windecker S. Implications of bicuspid aortic valves for transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2013;6:204-206

2.8 Unbehaun A, Pasic M, Dreysse S, Drews T, Kukucka M, Mladenow A, Ivanitskaja-Kühn E, Hetzer R, Buz S. Transapical aortic valve implantation: incidence and predictors of paravalvular leakage and transvalvular regurgitation in a series of 358 patients. J Am Coll Cardiol 2012;59(3):211-21

2.9 Abdel-Wahab M, Zahn R, Horack M, Gerckens U, Schuler G, Sievert H, Eggebrecht H, Senges J, Richardt G; German transcatheter aortic valve interventions registry investigators. Aortic regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation: incidence and early outcome. Results from the German transcatheter aortic valve interventions registry. Heart 2011;97(11):899-906

2.10 Delgado V, Ng AC, van de Veire NR, van der Kley F, Schuijf JD, Tops LF, de Weger A, Tavilla G, de Roos A, Kroft LJ, Schalij MJ, Bax JJ. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation: role of multi-detector row computed tomography to evaluate prosthesis positioning and deployment in relation to valve function. Eur Heart J 2010;31(9):1114-23

2.11 John D, Buellesfeld L, Yuecel S, Mueller R, Latsios G, Beucher H, Gerckens U, Grube E. Correlation of Device landing zone calcification and acute procedural success in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantations with the self-expanding CoreValve prosthesis. JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2010;3(2):233-43

2.12 Ewe SH, Ng AC, Schuijf JD, van der Kley F, Colli A, Palmen M, de Weger A, Marsan NA, Holman ER, de Roos A, Schalij MJ, Bax JJ, Delgado V. Location and severity of aortic valve calcium and implications for aortic regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Am J Cardiol 2011;108(10):1470-7

2.13 Schultz CJ, Tzikas A, Moelker A, Rossi A, Nuis RJ, Geleijnse MM, van Mieghem N, Krestin GP, de Feyter P, Serruys PW, de Jaegere PP. Correlates on MSCT of paravalvular aortic regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation using the Medtronic CoreValve prosthesis. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2011;78(3):446-55

2.14 Colli A, D'Amico R, Kempfert J, Borger MA, Mohr FW, Walther T. Transesophageal echocardiographic scoring for transcatheter aortic valve implantation: impact of aortic cusp calcification on postoperative aortic regurgitation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011;142(5):1229-35.

2.15 Haensig M, Lehmkuhl L, Rastan AJ, Kempfert J, Mukherjee C, Gutberlet M, Holzhey DM, Mohr FW. Aortic valve calcium scoring is a predictor of significant paravalvular aortic insufficiency in transapical-aortic valve implantation. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2012;41(6):1234-40

2.16 Moat NE, Ludman P, de Belder MA, Bridgewater B, Cunningham AD, Young CP, Thomas M, Kovac J, Spyt T, MacCarthy PA, Wendler O, Hildick-Smith D, Davies SW, Trivedi U, Blackman DJ, Levy RD, Brecker SJ, Baumbach A, Daniel T, Gray H, Mullen MJ. Long-term outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation in high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis: the U.K. TAVI (United Kingdom Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation) Registry. J Am Coll Cardiol 2011; 58:2130-8

2.17 Tamburino C, Capodanno D, Ramondo A, Petronio AS, Ettori F, Santoro G, Klugmann S, Bedogni F, Maisano F, Marzocchi A, Poli A, Antoniucci D, Napodano M, De Carlo M, Fiorina C, Ussia GP. Incidence and predictors of early and late mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation in 663 patients with severe aortic stenosis. Circulation 2011; 123:299-308

2.18 Hamm et al. Eur Heart J 2013 in press

2.19 Leon MB, Smith CR, Mack M, Miller DC, Moses JW, Svensson LG, Tuzcu EM, Webb JG, Fontana GP, Makkar RR, Brown DL, Block PC, Guyton RA, Pichard AD, Bavaria JE, Herrmann HC, Douglas PS, Petersen JL, Akin JJ, Anderson WN, Wang D, Pocock S; PARTNER Trial Investigators. Transcatheter aortic-valve implantation for aortic stenosis in patients who cannot undergo surgery. N Engl J Med 2010; 363:1597-607

2.20 Barbanti M, Webb JG, Hahn RT, Feldman T, Boone RH, Smith CR, Kodali S, Zajarias A, Thompson CR, Green P, Babaliaros V, Makkar RR, Szeto WY, Douglas PS, McAndrew T, Hueter I, Miller DC, Leon MB; Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valve Trial Investigators. Impact of preoperative moderate/severe mitral regurgitation on 2-year outcome after transcatheter and surgical aortic valve replacement: insight from the Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valve (PARTNER) Trial Cohort A. Circulation 2013;128:2776-2784

2.21 Bedogni F, Latib A, De Marco F, Agnifili M, Oreglia J, Pizzocri S, Latini RA, Lanotte S, Petronio AS, De Carlo M, Ettori F, Fiorina C, Poli A, Cirri S, De Servi S, Ramondo A, Tarantini G, Marzocchi A, Fiorilli R, Klugmann S, Ussia GP, Tamburino C, Maisano F, Brambilla N, Colombo A, Testa L. Interplay between mitral regurgitation and transcatheter aortic valve replacement with the CoreValve Revalving System: a multicenter registry. Circulation 2013;128:2145-53

2.22 Toggweiler S, Boone RH, Rodés-Cabau J, Humphries KH, Lee M, Nombela-Franco L, Bagur R, Willson AB, Binder RK, Gurvitch R, Grewal J, Moss R, Munt B, Thompson CR, Freeman M, Ye J, Cheung A, Dumont E, Wood DA, Webb JG. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement: outcomes of patients with moderate or severe mitral regurgitation. J Am Coll Cardiol 2012;59:2068–74

2.23 Goel SS, Ige M, Tuzcu EM, Ellis SG, Stewart WJ, Svensson LG, Lytle BW, Kapadia SR. Severe aortic stenosis and coronary artery disease--implications for management in the transcatheter aortic valve replacement era: a comprehensive review. J Am Coll Cardiol 2013;62:1–10

2.24 Altiok E, Koos R, Schröder J, Brehmer K, Hamada S, Becker M, Mahnken AH, Almalla M, Dohmen G, Autschbach R, Marx N, Hoffmann R. Comparison of two-dimensional and three-dimensional imaging techniques for measurement of aortic annulus diameters before transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Heart 2011;97:1578e1584

2.25 Ng et al. Circ Cardiovasc Imag 2010

2.26 Hamdan A, Guetta V, Konen E, Goitein O, Segev A, Raanani E, Spiegelstein D, Hay I, Di Segni E, Eldar M, Schwammenthal E. Deformation dynamics and mechanical properties of the aortic annulus by 4-dimensional computed tomography: insights into the functional anatomy of the aortic valve complex and implications for transcatheter aortic valve therapy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Jan 10;59(2):119-27

2.27 Achenbach S, Delgado V, Hausleiter J, Schoenhagen P, Min JK, Leipsic JA. SCCT expert consensus document on computed tomography imaging before transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI)/transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2012 Nov-Dec;6(6):366-80

2.28 Debonnaire P, Katsanos S, Delgado V. Computed tomography to improve TAVI outcomes. EuroIntervention. 2012 Sep;8(5):531-3

2.29 Bapat V, Attia R. Transaortic Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation: Step-by-Step Guide. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Autumn;24(3):206-11

2.30 Binder RK, Leipsic J, Wood D, Moore T, Toggweiler S, Willson A, Gurvitch R, Freeman M, Webb JG. Prediction of optimal deployment projection for transcatheter aortic valve replacement: angiographic 3-dimensional reconstruction of the aortic root versus multidetector computed tomography. Circ Cardiovasc Interv 2012;5:247-252

2.31 Zamorano JL, Badano LP, Bruce C, Chan KL, Gonçalves A, Hahn RT, Keane MG, La Canna G, Monaghan MJ, Nihoyannopoulos P, Silvestry FE, Vanoverschelde JL, Gillam LD. EAE/ASE recommendations for the use of echocardiography in new transcatheter interventions for valvular heart disease. Eur Heart J. 2011 Sep;32(17):2189-214.

2.32 Gurvitch R, Toggweiler S, Willson AB, Wijesinghe N, Cheung A, Wood DA, Ye J, Webb JG. Outcomes and complications of transcatheter aortic valve replacement using a balloon expandable valve according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC) guidelines. EuroIntervention 2011;7:41-8

2.33 Hayashida K, Morice MC, Chevalier B, Hovasse T, Romano M, Garot P, Farge A, Donzeau-Gouge P, Bouvier E, Cormier B, Lefèvre T. Sex-related differences in clinical presentation and outcome of transcatheter aortic valve implantation for severe aortic stenosis. J Am Coll Cardiol 2012;59:566-71

2.34 Amabile et al. Int J Cardiol 2012

2.35 Buchanan GL, Chieffo A, Montorfano M, Maisano F, Latib A, Godino C, Cioni M, Gullace MA, Franco A, Gerli C, Alfieri O, Colombo A. The role of sex on VARC outcomes following transcatheter aortic valve implantation with both Edwards SAPIEN™ and Medtronic CoreValve ReValving System® devices: the Milan registry. EuroIntervention 2011;7:556-63

2.36 Wenaweser P, Pilgrim T, Kadner A, Huber C, Stortecky S, Buellesfeld L, Khattab AA, Meuli F, Roth N, Eberle B, Erdös G, Brinks H, Kalesan B, Meier B, Jüni P, Carrel T, Windecker S. Clinical outcomes of patients with severe aortic stenosis at increased surgical risk according to treatment modality. J Am Coll Cardiol 2011;58:2151-62

2.37 Thomas M, Schymik G, Walther T, Himbert D, Lefèvre T, Treede H, Eggebrecht H, Rubino P, Michev I, Lange R, Anderson WN, Wendler O. Thirty-day results of the SAPIEN aortic Bioprosthesis European Outcome (SOURCE) Registry: A European registry of transcatheter aortic valve implantation using the Edwards SAPIEN valve. Circulation. 2010;122:62-9

2.38 Rodés-Cabau J, Webb JG, Cheung A, Ye J, Dumont E, Feindel CM, Osten M, Natarajan MK, Velianou JL, Martucci G, DeVarennes B, Chisholm R, Peterson MD, Lichtenstein SV, Nietlispach F, Doyle D, DeLarochellière R, Teoh K, Chu V, Dancea A, Lachapelle K, Cheema A, Latter D, Horlick E. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation for the treatment of severe symptomatic aortic stenosis in patients at very high or prohibitive surgical risk: acute and late outcomes of the multicenter Canadian experience. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010;55:1080-90

2.39 Tamburino C, Capodanno D, Ramondo A, Petronio AS, Ettori F, Santoro G, Klugmann S, Bedogni F, Maisano F, Marzocchi A, Poli A, Antoniucci D, Napodano M, De Carlo M, Fiorina C, Ussia GP. Incidence and predictors of early and late mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation in 663 patients with severe aortic stenosis. Circulation. 2011;123:299-308

2.40 Gilard M, Eltchaninoff H, Iung B, Donzeau-Gouge P, Chevreul K, Fajadet J, Leprince P, Leguerrier A, Lievre M, Prat A, Teiger E, Lefevre T, Himbert D, Tchetche D, Carrié D, Albat B, Cribier A, Rioufol G, Sudre A, Blanchard D, Collet F, Dos Santos P, Meneveau N, Tirouvanziam A, Caussin C, Guyon P, Boschat J, Le Breton H, Collart F, Houel R, Delpine S, Souteyrand G, Favereau X, Ohlmann P, Doisy V, Grollier G, Gommeaux A, Claudel JP, Bourlon F, Bertrand B, Van Belle E, Laskar M; FRANCE 2 Investigators. Registry of transcatheter aortic-valve implantation in high-risk patients. N Engl J Med. 2012;366:1705-15

2.41 Smith CR1, Leon MB, Mack MJ, Miller DC, Moses JW, Svensson LG, Tuzcu EM, Webb JG, Fontana GP, Makkar RR, Williams M, Dewey T, Kapadia S, Babaliaros V, Thourani VH, Corso P, Pichard AD, Bavaria JE, Herrmann HC, Akin JJ, Anderson WN, Wang D, Pocock SJ; PARTNER Trial Investigators. Transcatheter versus surgical aortic-valve replacement in high-risk patients. N Engl J Med. 2011;364:2187-98

The Heart Team case study

8.1 Head SJ, Kaul S, Mack MJ, Serruys PW, Taggart DP, Holmes Jr DR, Leon MB, Marco J, Bogers AJJC, Kappetein AP. The rationale for Heart Team decision-making for patients with stable complex coronary artery disease. Eur Heart J 2013;34:2510-8.

8.2 Head SJ, van Mieghem NM, Serruys PW, Kappetein AP. “The Heart Team” in “Percutanoues Intervention Cardiovascular Medicine: The PCR-EAPCI Textbook

TAVI for failing surgical aortic bioprostheses

6.1 Nishimura RA, Otto CM, Bonow RO, Carabello BA, Erwin JP 3rd, Guyton RA, O'Gara PT, Ruiz CE, Skubas NJ, Sorajja P, Sundt TM 3rd, Thomas JD, Anderson JL, Halperin JL, Albert NM, Bozkurt B, Brindis RG, Creager MA, Curtis LH, DeMets D, Guyton RA, Hochman JS, Kovacs RJ, Ohman EM, Pressler SJ, Sellke FW, Shen WK, Stevenson WG, Yancy CW. 2014 AHA/ACC Guideline for the Management of Patients With Valvular Heart Disease: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol 2014.

6.2 Joint Task Force on the Management of Valvular Heart Disease of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC); European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS), Vahanian A, Alfieri O, Andreotti F, Antunes MJ, Barón-Esquivias G, Baumgartner H, Borger MA, Carrel TP, De Bonis M, Evangelista A, Falk V, Iung B, Lancellotti P, Pierard L, Price S, Schäfers HJ, Schuler G, Stepinska J, Swedberg K, Takkenberg J, Von Oppell UO, Windecker S, Zamorano JL, Zembala M. Guidelines on the management of valvular heart disease (version 2012). Eur Heart J 2012;33:2451-96.

6.3 Brown JM, O'Brien SM, Wu C, Sikora JA, Griffith BP, Gammie JS. Isolated aortic valve replacement in North America comprising 108,687 patients in 10 years: changes in risks, valve types, and outcomes in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2009;137:82-90.

6.4 Chan V, Malas T, Lapierre H, Boodhwani M, Lam BK, Rubens FD, Hendry PJ, Masters RG, Goldstein W, Mesana TG, Ruel M. Re-operation of left heart valve bioprostheses according to age at implantation. Circulation 2011;124:S75-80.

6.5 Ruel M, Chan V, Bédard P, Kulik A, Ressler L, Lam BK, Rubens FD, Goldstein W, Hendry PJ, Masters RG, Mesana TG. Very long-term survival implications of heart valve replacement with tissue versus mechanical prostheses in adults <60 years of age. Circulation 2007;116:I294-300.

6.6 Ruel M, Kulik A, Rubens FD, Bédard P, Masters RG, Pipe AL, Mesana TG. Late incidence and determinants of reoperation in patients with prosthetic heart valves. European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 2004;25:364-70.

6.7 Vogt PR, Brunner-LaRocca H, Sidler P, Zünd G, Truniger K, Lachat M, Turina J, Turina MI. Reoperative surgery for degenerated aortic bioprostheses: predictors for emergency surgery and reoperative mortality. European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 2000;17:134-9.

6.8 Jamieson WR, Burr LH, Miyagishima RT, Janusz MT, Fradet GJ, Ling H, Lichtenstein SV. Re-operation for bioprosthetic aortic structural failure - risk assessment. European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 2003;24:873-8.

6.9 Walther T, Kempfert J, Borger MA, Fassl J, Falk V, Blumenstein J, Dehdashtian M, Schuler G, Mohr FW. Human minimally invasive off-pump valve-in-a-valve implantation. Ann Thorac Surg 2008;85:1072-3.

6.10 Piazza N, Bleiziffer S, Brockmann G, Hendrick R, Deutsch MA, Opitz A, Mazzitelli D, Tassani-Prell P, Schreiber C, Lange R. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation for failing surgical aortic bioprosthetic valve: from concept to clinical application and evaluation (part 2). JACC Cardiovascular interventions 2011;4:733-42.

6.11 Piazza N, Bleiziffer S, Brockmann G, Hendrick R, Deutsch MA, Opitz A, Mazzitelli D, Tassani-Prell P, Schreiber C, Lange R. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation for failing surgical aortic bioprosthetic valve: from concept to clinical application and evaluation (part 1). JACC Cardiovascular interventions 2011;4:721-32.

6.12 Dvir D, Webb J, Brecker S Brecker S, Bleiziffer S, Hildick-Smith D, Colombo A, Descoutures F, Hengstenberg C, Moat NE, Bekeredjian R, Napodano M, Testa L, Lefevre T, Guetta V, Nissen H, Hernández JM, Roy D, Teles RC, Segev A, Dumonteil N, Fiorina C, Gotzmann M, Tchetche D, Abdel-Wahab M, De Marco F, Baumbach A, Laborde JC, Kornowski R. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement for degenerative bioprosthetic surgical valves: results from the global valve-in-valve registry. Circulation 2012;126:2335-44.

6.13 Eggebrecht H, Schafer U, Treede H, Boekstegers P, Babin-Ebell J, Ferrari M, Möllmann H, Baumgartner H, Carrel T, Kahlert P, Lange P, Walther T, Erbel R, Mehta RH, Thielmann M. Valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation for degenerated bioprosthetic heart valves. JACC Cardiovascular interventions 2011;4:1218-27.

6.14 Kelly T, Marquez S, Popelar C. In Vitro Testing of Heart Valve Substitutes. In: Iaizzo P, Bianco R, Hill A, St Louis J, editors. Heart Valves: From Design to Clinical Implantation. New York: Springer, 2013.

6.15 Mylotte D, Osnabrugge RL, Martucci G, Lange R, Kappetein AP, Piazza N. Failing surgical bioprosthesis in aortic and mitral position. EuroIntervention 2013;9 Suppl:S77-83.

6.16 Dunning J, Graham RJ, Thambyrajah J, Stewart MJ, Kendall SW, Hunter S. Stentless vs. stented aortic valve bioprostheses: a prospective randomized controlled trial. Eur Heart J 2007;28:2369-74.

6.17 Mylotte D, Lange R, Martucci G, Piazza N. Transcatheter heart valve implantation for failing surgical bioprostheses: technical considerations and evidence for valve-in-valve procedures. Heart 2013.

6.18 Chikwe J, Filsoufi F, Carpentier AF. Prosthetic valve selection for middle-aged patients with aortic stenosis. Nat Rev Cardiol 2010;7:711-9.

6.19 Cohn LH, Collins JJ, Jr., Rizzo RJ, Adams DH, Couper GS, Aranki SF. Twenty-year follow-up of the Hancock modified orifice porcine aortic valve. Ann Thorac Surg 1998;66:S30-4.

6.20 David TE, Ivanov J, Armstrong S, Feindel CM, Cohen G. Late results of heart valve replacement with the Hancock II bioprosthesis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2001;121:268-77.

6.21 Briand M, Pibarot P, Després JP, Voisine P, Dumesnil JG, Dagenais F, Mathieu P. Metabolic syndrome is associated with faster degeneration of bioprosthetic valves. Circulation 2006;114:I512-7;.

6.22 Roselli EE, Smedira NG, Blackstone EH. Failure modes of the Carpentier-Edwards pericardial bioprosthesis in the aortic position. J Heart Valve Dis 2006;15:421-7; discussion 427-8.

6.23 Bapat VN, Attia R, Thomas M. Effect of valve design on the stent internal diameter of a bioprosthetic valve: a concept of true internal diameter and its implications for the valve-in-valve procedure. JACC Cardiovascular interventions 2014;7:115-27.

6.24 Webb JG, Dvir D. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement for bioprosthetic aortic valve failure: the valve-in-valve procedure. Circulation 2013;127:2542-50.

6.25 Webb JG, Wood DA, Ye J, Gurvitch R, Masson JB, Rodés-Cabau J, Osten M, Horlick E, Wendler O, Dumont E, Carere RG, Wijesinghe N, Nietlispach F, Johnson M, Thompson CR, Moss R, Leipsic J, Munt B, Lichtenstein SV, Cheung A. Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for failed bioprosthetic heart valves. Circulation 2010;121:1848-57.

6.26 Latib A, Ielasi A, Montorfano M, Maisano F, Chieffo A, Cioni M, Mussardo M, Bertoldi L, Shannon J, Sacco F, Covello RD, Figini F, Godino C, Grimaldi A, Spagnolo P, Alfieri O, Colombo A. Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation with the Edwards SAPIEN in patients with bioprosthetic heart valve failure: the Milan experience. EuroIntervention 2012;7:1275-84.

6.27 Kempfert J, Van Linden A, Linke A, Borger MA, Rastan A, Mukherjee C, Ender J, Schuler G, Mohr FW, Walther T. Transapical off-pump valve-in-valve implantation in patients with degenerated aortic xenografts. Ann Thorac Surg 2010;89:1934-41.

6.28 Bedogni F, Laudisa ML, Pizzocri S, Tamburino C, Ussia GP, Petronio AS, Napodano M, Ramondo A, Presbitero P, Ettori F, Santoro G, Klugman S, De Marco F, Brambilla N, Testa L. Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation using Corevalve Revalving System for failed surgical aortic bioprostheses. JACC Cardiovascular interventions 2011;4:1228-34.

6.29 Linke A, Woitek F, Merx MW, Schiefer C, Möbius-Winkler S, Holzhey D, Rastan A, Ender J, Walther T, Kelm M, Mohr FW, Schuler G. Valve-in-valve implantation of Medtronic CoreValve prosthesis in patients with failing bioprosthetic aortic valves. Circ Cardiovasc Interv 2012;5:689-97.

6.30 Dvir D, Assali A, Vaknin-Assa H, Sagie A, Shapira Y, Porat E, Kornowski R. Transcatheter aortic and mitral valve implantations for failed bioprosthetic heart valves. J Invasive Cardiol 2011;23:377-81.

6.31 Dvir D, Webb J, Bleiziffer S, Pasic M, Waksman R, Kodali S, Barbanti M, Latib A, Schaefer U, Rodés-Cabau J, Treede H, Piazza N, Hildick-Smith D, Himbert D, Walther T, Hengstenberg C, Nissen H, Bekeredjian R, Presbitero P, Ferrari E, Segev A, de Weger A, Windecker S, Moat NE, Napodano M, Wilbring M, Cerillo AG, Brecker S, Tchetche D, Lefèvre T, De Marco F, Fiorina C, Petronio AS, Teles RC, Testa L, Laborde JC, Leon MB, Kornowski R; Valve-in-Valve International Data Registry Investigators. Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation in Failed Bioprosthetic Surgical Valves. JAMA. 2014 Jul;312(2):162-70.

6.32 Kappetein AP, Head SJ, Genereux P, Piazza N, van Mieghem NM, Blackstone EH, Brott TG, Cohen DJ, Cutlip DE, van Es GA, Hahn RT, Kirtane AJ, Krucoff MW, Kodali S, Mack MJ, Mehran R, Rodés-Cabau J, Vranckx P, Webb JG, Windecker S, Serruys PW, Leon MB; Valve Academic Research Consortium-2. Updated standardized endpoint definitions for transcatheter aortic valve implantation: the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 consensus document. EuroIntervention 2012;8:782-95.

6.33 Azadani AN, Jaussaud N, Matthews PB, Ge L, Chuter TA, Tseng EE. Transcatheter aortic valves inadequately relieve stenosis in small degenerated bioprostheses. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2010;11:70-7.

6.34 Piazza N, Martucci G, Lachapelle K, de Varennes B, Bilodeau L, Buithieu J, Mylotte D. First-in-human experience with the Medtronic CoreValve Evolut R. EuroIntervention 2014;9:1260-3.

6.35 Binder RK, Wood D, Webb JG, Cheung A. First-in-human valve-in-valve implantation of a 20 mm balloon expandable transcatheter heart valve. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2013;82:E929-31.

6.36 Ben-Gal Y, Finkelstein A, Bruckheimer E, Banai S, Keren G, Kramer A, Uretzky G. Transapical implantation of a melody valve in a degenerated low-diameter prosthetic aortic valve. Circulation 2013;127:e553-6.

6.37 Kempfert J, Girrbach F, Haensig M, Subramanian S, Holzhey DM, Mohr FW. Transapical aortic valve-in-valve-in-valve implantation as a procedural rescue option. Ann Thorac Surg 2013;95:325-8.

6.38 Jeger RV, Manoharan G, Kaiser CA. First-in-man Portico(R) transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve implantation in a degenerated 19 mm Mitroflow(R) aortic pericardial heart valve. EuroIntervention 2014;9:1368.

6.39 Kiefer P, Lehmkuhl L, Seeburger J, Vollroth M, Noack T, Schröter T, Mohr FW, Holzhey D. Symetis Acurate aortic valve-in-valve implantation for early degeneration of a Sapien THV prosthesis. Ann Thorac Surg 2013;96:1880.

6.40 Ribeiro HB, Nombela-Franco L, Urena M, Mok M, Pasian S, Doyle D, DeLarochellière R, Côté M, Laflamme L, DeLarochellière H, Allende R, Dumont E, Rodés-Cabau J. Coronary Obstruction After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation: A Systematic Review. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 May;6(5):452-61

6.41 Stortecky S, Wenaweser P, Windecker S. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation and cerebrovascular accidents. EuroIntervention 2012;8 Suppl Q:Q60-9.

6.43 Seeburger J, Weiss G, Borger MA, Mohr FW. Structural valve deterioration of a Corevalve prosthesis 9 months after implantation. Eur Heart J 2013;34:1607.

Complications and Bailout procedures

5.1 Barbash IM, Ben-Dor I, Dvir D, Maluenda G, Xue Z, Torguson R, Satler LF, Pichard AD, Waksman R. Incidence and predictors of acute kidney injury after transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Am Heart J 2012;163(6):1031-6.

5.2 Genereux P, Kodali SK, Green P, Paradis JM, Daneault B, Rene G, Hueter I, Georges I, Kirtane A, Hahn RT, Smith C, Leon MB, Williams MR. Incidence and effect of acute kidney injury after transcatheter aortic valve replacement using the new valve academic research consortium criteria. Am J Cardiol 2013;111(1):100-5.

5.3 Takagi H, Niwa M, Mizuno Y, Goto SN, Umemoto T. Incidence, predictors, and prognosis of acute kidney injury after transcatheter aortic valve implantation: a summary of contemporary studies using Valve Academic Research Consortium definitions. Int J Cardiol 2013;168(2):1631-5.

5.4 Erdoes G, Basciani R, Huber C, Stortecky S, Wenaweser P, Windecker S, Carrel T, Eberle B. Transcranial Doppler-detected cerebral embolic load during transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2012;41(4):778-83; discussion 783-4.

5.5 Siontis G, Jüni P, Pilgrim T, Stortecky S, Buellesfeld L, Meier B, Wenaweser P, Windecker S. Predictors of Permanent Pacemaker Implantation in Patients with Severe Aortic Stenosis undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation: A Meta-Analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol 2014(accepted).

5.6 Nazif TM, Williams MR, Hahn RT, Kapadia S, Babaliaros V, Rodes-Cabau J, Szeto WY, Jilaihawi H, Fearon WF, Dvir D, Dewey TM, Makkar RR, Xu K, Dizon JM, Smith CR, Leon MB, Kodali SK. Clinical implications of new-onset left bundle branch block after transcatheter aortic valve replacement: analysis of the PARTNER experience. Eur Heart J. 2014 Jun 21;35(24):1599-607.

5.7 Roten L, Wenaweser P, Delacretaz E, Hellige G, Stortecky S, Tanner H, Pilgrim T, Kadner A, Eberle B, Zwahlen M, Carrel T, Meier B, Windecker S. Incidence and predictors of atrioventricular conduction impairment after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Am J Cardiol 2010;106(10):1473-80.

5.8 Buellesfeld L, Stortecky S, Heg D, Hausen S, Mueller R, Wenaweser P, Pilgrim T, Gloekler S, Khattab AA, Huber C, Carrel T, Eberle B, Meier B, Boekstegers P, Juni P, Gerckens U, Grube E, Windecker S. Impact of permanent pacemaker implantation on clinical outcome among patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation. J Am Coll Cardiol 2012;60(6):493-501.

5.9 Stortecky S, Windecker S. Stroke: an infrequent but devastating complication in cardiovascular interventions. Circulation 2012;126(25):2921-4.

5.10 Rodes-Cabau J, Gutierrez M, Bagur R, De Larochelliere R, Doyle D, Cote M, Villeneuve J, Bertrand OF, Larose E, Manazzoni J, Pibarot P, Dumont E. Incidence, predictive factors, and prognostic value of myocardial injury following uncomplicated transcatheter aortic valve implantation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011;57(20):1988-99.

5.11 Barbash IM, Dvir D, Ben-Dor I, Badr S, Okubagzi P, Torguson R, Corso PJ, Xue Z, Satler LF, Pichard AD, Waksman R. Prevalence and effect of myocardial injury after transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Am J Cardiol 2013;111(9):1337-43.

5.12 Yong ZY, Wiegerinck EM, Boerlage-van Dijk K, Koch KT, Vis MM, Bouma BJ, Henriques JP, Cocchieri R, Piek JJ, de Mol BA, Baan J, Jr. Predictors and prognostic value of myocardial injury during transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Circ Cardiovasc Interv 2012;5(3):415-23.

5.13 Ribeiro HB, Webb JG, Makkar RR, Cohen MG, Kapadia SR, Kodali S, Tamburino C, Barbanti M, Chakravarty T, Jilaihawi H, Paradis JM, de Brito FS, Jr., Canovas SJ, Cheema AN, de Jaegere PP, del Valle R, Chiam PT, Moreno R, Pradas G, Ruel M, Salgado-Fernandez J, Sarmento-Leite R, Toeg HD, Velianou JL, Zajarias A, Babaliaros V, Cura F, Dager AE, Manoharan G, Lerakis S, Pichard AD, Radhakrishnan S, Perin MA, Dumont E, Larose E, Pasian SG, Nombela-Franco L, Urena M, Tuzcu EM, Leon MB, Amat-Santos IJ, Leipsic J, Rodes-Cabau J. Predictive factors, management, and clinical outcomes of coronary obstruction following transcatheter aortic valve implantation: insights from a large multicenter registry. J Am Coll Cardiol 2013;62(17):1552-62.

5.14 Buellesfeld L, Gerckens U, Schuler G, Bonan R, Kovac J, Serruys PW, Labinaz M, den Heijer P, Mullen M, Tymchak W, Windecker S, Mueller R, Grube E. 2-year follow-up of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation using a self-expanding valve prosthesis. J Am Coll Cardiol 2011;57(16):1650-7.

5.15 Leon MB, Smith CR, Mack M, Miller DC, Moses JW, Svensson LG, Tuzcu EM, Webb JG, Fontana GP, Makkar RR, Brown DL, Block PC, Guyton RA, Pichard AD, Bavaria JE, Herrmann HC, Douglas PS, Petersen JL, Akin JJ, Anderson WN, Wang D, Pocock S. Transcatheter aortic-valve implantation for aortic stenosis in patients who cannot undergo surgery. N Engl J Med 2010;363(17):1597-607.

5.16 Pilgrim T, Stortecky S, Luterbacher F, Windecker S, Wenaweser P. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation and bleeding: incidence, predictors and prognosis. J Thromb Thrombolysis 2013;35(4):456-62.

5.17 Hayashida K, Lefevre T, Chevalier B, Hovasse T, Romano M, Garot P, Mylotte D, Uribe J, Farge A, Donzeau-Gouge P, Bouvier E, Cormier B, Morice MC. Transfemoral aortic valve implantation new criteria to predict vascular complications. JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2011;4(8):851-8.

5.18 Toggweiler S, Gurvitch R, Leipsic J, Wood DA, Willson AB, Binder RK, Cheung A, Ye J, Webb JG. Percutaneous aortic valve replacement: vascular outcomes with a fully percutaneous procedure. J Am Coll Cardiol 2012;59(2):113-8.

5.19 Barbanti M, Yang TH, Rodes Cabau J, Tamburino C, Wood DA, Jilaihawi H, Blanke P, Makkar RR, Latib A, Colombo A, Tarantini G, Raju R, Binder RK, Nguyen G, Freeman M, Ribeiro HB, Kapadia S, Min J, Feuchtner G, Gurtvich R, Alqoofi F, Pelletier M, Ussia GP, Napodano M, de Brito FS, Jr., Kodali S, Norgaard BL, Hansson NC, Pache G, Canovas SJ, Zhang H, Leon MB, Webb JG, Leipsic J. Anatomical and procedural features associated with aortic root rupture during balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Circulation 2013;128(3):244-53.

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